What is ABA Therapy?
ABA is a well-developed scientific discipline among the helping professions that focuses on the analysis, design, implementation, and evaluation of social and other environmental modifications to produce meaningful changes in human behavior thus improving the quality of life of individuals, their families, and communities.
ABA includes the use of direct observation, measurement, and functional analysis of the relations between environment and behavior. ABA uses changes in environmental events, including antecedent stimuli and consequences, to produce practical and significant changes in behavior. These relevant environmental events are usually identified through a variety of specialized assessment methods. ABA is based on the fact that an individual’s behavior is determined by past and current environmental events in conjunction with organic variables such as their genetic endowment and physiological variables. In practice, ABA focuses on reducing learning barriers and promoting skill acquisition by altering the individual’s social and learning environments.
The following is a non-exclusive list of areas that ABA can support: adaptive and self-help skills, attending and social referencing, cognitive functioning, community participation, coping and tolerance skills, emotional development, family relationships, language, and communication, play and leisure skills, pre-academic skills, reduction of interfering or inappropriate behaviors, safety skills, self-advocacy and independence skills, self-management, social relation skills, and vocational skills.